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Ancient Illustrations of Costume and Soldiers

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Sumerians on the Standard of Ur
Urartu: The Kingdom of Van, Opposition for the Assyrians by Clive Naseby
. Urartian Infantryman, Sargon II period, by Alan Buttery
Gold Model of an Achaemenid Persian Chariot, Oxus Treasure, 6th-7th Century BC
Classical Greek Shield Patterns
Prints of Heroic Greece by Racinet
Prints of Etruscans by Racinet
Horsemen on a Gold Sword Sheath, Median, Oxus Treasure, 6th-7th century BC
Skythians on Greek ceramics, c.500BC
Terracotta disc representing a Carthaginian cavalryman, 6th century BC, Museum of Cathage, Tunis
Bosporan marble slab with the images of a young man and an Amazon (?), first half of the 5th century BC, Olbia
Achaemenid Persians and Scythians in paintings from the Tatarli Tumulus. Lydian tomb chamber built around 470 B.C. in southern Phrygia.
Red Figure Kylix, illustrating a Greek and Persian battle scene, Attic, c. 460 BC, National Museums of Scotland
Scytho-Sakian wall-hanging of the Great Goddess and a rider, fifth century BC
A Pazyryk Culture Wood and Leather Shield, Siberia, 5th century BC
A Scythian Gold Comb with Battle Scene, Solokha Kurhan, Zaporozhye Region, 5th-4th century BC, Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Дн.1913-1/1
Phalera with Bactrian War Elephant and Crew Going Leftwards. State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. S-64
Phalera with Bactrian War Elephant and Crew Going Rightwards. State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. S-65
Maeotian Hood with Warriors, Kurdzhipsky Barrow, Maikop Region, 4th century BC
A Scythian Plaque with a hare hunt from Kul’ Oba, Crimea, first half of the 4th century BC. State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg КО.-48
Scythian gold archers appliqué, Kul Oba burial, Crimea, 4th century BC
A Scythian Gilded Bowl with Lion-Hunt from the Solokha Kurhan, 4th century BC, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Scythian warriors on a gold cannabis pipe, Sengileevskoe, Caucasus, 4th century BC
A Graeco-Scythian gold horseman appliqué, 4th century BC
Skythian Gold Pectoral from Tovsta Mohyla Kurhan, 4th Century BC, Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine, Kiev
Thracian Armoured Cavalry from Letnitsa and on the Helmet of Agighiol, 4th century BC
Skythian Silver Gilt Vessel from the Gaimanova Graves, near Zaporozhe, middle 4th century BC
Skythian Gold Triangular Headdress Plate from a Female Burial. Karagodeuashkh Kurgan, Kuban. 340-315 BC.
Thracian Armoured Infantryman on a plaque from the Grave of Seuthes III, Kazanlak
Thracian Warriors on wall paintings in the Kazanlak tomb, c.280 BC
Macedonian Shield and Battle Scene on a Helmet Cheek-Piece from Dodona Archaeological Site, Epiros.
A Scythian horseman on a carpet, Pazyryk, Southern Siberia, 252-238 BCE, State Hermitage Museum St Pertersburg
Terracotta Statuette from Myrina, Turkey, late 3rd century BC. A War Elephant Crushing a Galatian Warrior.
The Pydna monument, erected by Flamininus to celebrate his victory against Philip at Pydna, Macedon
A Taurian? Horseman on a Limestone Sepulchral Stele, Crimea, 2nd Century BC
Sarmatians in a painted tomb of the Crimean Bosporus, 2nd century BC
Bactrian Yuezhi embroidered on carpet, Noyon Uul, Mongolia, after 120 BC
Bactrian Yuezhi spearman on a textile from Sampula (Khotan Prefecture, Xinjiang), after 120 BC
Horsemen on a Bosporan Tombstone stele, Panticapaeum, 1st – 2nd centuries BC.
Ivory Casket Panel with a Kushan Bactrian Hunting Scene. Tajikistan, Takht-i Sangīn. 2nd or 1st century B.C.
Plaque with Seleucid or Parthian Cataphract and a Lion, Iraq, 3rd Century BC-2nd Century AD
Parthian relief of Mithridates 1st of Parthia at Xong-e Ashdar. City of Izeh, Khouzestan province, Iran.
A Warrior on a Sarmatian Rython, Kuban, 1st century BC or later, Hermitage, St Petersburg
Frieze from Khaltchayan Reception Hall, 50 BC-50 AD, northern Bactria, Yuezhi, Kushan or Parthian
B-shaped belt buckle: The Hunt. Gold, Sarmatian, first century BC-first century AD.
Georgian Silver Rhyton with Warriors, from Gomi Village. Kutaisi Museum.
'Doe hunter', embroidery. Xiongnu Burial Mound 20, Noin Ula, Mongolia, first decade of the first century AD
Prints of Britons & Gauls by Racinet
Funerary stela of first century AD Bosphoran, Rhodon son of Helios
Sarmatian horsemen on a vessel from Kosika, Kuban, 1st century AD
Bosporan horseman accompanied by an infantryman with thureos. Grave Stela from Kerch, Royal Tumulus, 1st Century AD.
Grave Stele of Mathianes, the son of Zaidar, Sarmatian, Bosporan Kingdom, c. 1st Century AD. Temryuk Historical and Archaeological Museum, Russia.
Clothing of the Ancient Celts: A Guide to Celtic Costume by M. E. Riley
Tombstone of a Thracian Auxiliary Cavalryman by the name of Longinus Sdapeze, c.60AD, Colchester Castle Museum
Embroidered fragment showing two riders, Noin Ula, near Lake Baikal
Parthia, an extract from Ancient Arts Of Central Asia by Tamara Talbot Rice
Romans, Dacians and Bastanians on the Adamklissi friezes, Romania (AD 108-109)
Dacians on Trajan's Column
Grave stele of Basilides, son of Basilides, Kerch, Bosporan, 1st-2nd Century AD
Parthian horse-archer plaque, Syria, 1st Century BC-3rd Century AD
Life-size bronze statue of a Parthian prince from the temple at Shami. Second century. Archaeological Museum, Teheran.
Siberian gold and bronze belt buckles & plaques, an extract from Ancient Arts Of Central Asia by Tamara Talbot Rice
Kushan Statue of Kanishka, Mathura, India, mid 2nd century AD
Grave stele of Staphilos, son of Glaukias, Bosporan Kingdom, 2nd Century AD.
Gandharan Statue of Kumara, The Divine General. Peshawar, Pakistan, 2nd century AD. Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
Carved Sculpture Panel with Armoured Camel Rider, Palmyra, 2nd century AD. National Museum of Damascus, Syria.
Crossbow and quiver depicted on a Roman tomb in Gaul. Second century A.D.
Relief, Ašadu and Sa'dai, 1st-3rd century AD, Dura-Europos, National Museum, Damascus
Graffito, Clibanarius. 2nd-3rd centuries AD, Dura-Europos, Yale University Art Gallery
Statue of a Parthian Man: Makai ben Nashri, Hatra, 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Mosul Museum, Iraq.
Statuette of the Parthian God Zqyq’, Hatra, Iraq, c. 2nd century A.D., before 241.
Sarmatian Draconarius stone - 2nd or 3rd century AD funeral stele, Chester, England
Gandharan Statuette of a warrior, 2nd-3rd centuries AD. Peshawar Museum.
Scenes from the life of the Buddha, Kushan Gandhara, Pakistan or Afghanistan, late 2nd-early 3rd century AD. Free Gallery, F1949.9a-d.
Persian armoured cavalry in the Sassanid Rock Relief at Firuzabad, early 3rd Century AD
Palmyrene Horsearcher Hunting, Left Side of Shrine to the God Mithras (Mithraeum), Dura Europos, Syria, c.240AD. Yale University Art Gallery.
Tryphon son of Andromenes in Sarmatian cavalry armour and costume, Tanais, Don estuary, 3rd century AD
A Sasanian Cameo of Shapur I vanquishing Emperor Valerian, 260 AD. Cabinet des Médailles, Paris, Babelon 360.
Fresco, The Ark at the Battle of Eben-Ezer, Dura-Europos Synagogue, 3rd century AD
Rock Carvings on Pisannaja-Gorá, near Suljet, Siberia.
Late Roman Armoured Cavalry by Leslie C. Booth. Miniature Wargames No. 32, January 1986.
Orlat Battle Plaque, early Sarmatian [Kangju (K'ang-kiu) or Yuezhi] or Hun [Tashtyk, "White Huns" - the Hephthalites]
The Investiture of Ardeshir II, IV century AD, Bas relief at Taq-i-Bustan
The Stroganov Plate (or Freer Shapur plate). A Sasanian King Hunting Boar. Iran, 4th century AD
Sasanian, Kushano-Sasanian or Hephthalite Plate, British Museum 123093, 4th century AD
Romano-Byzantine bowl with the triumph of Constantius II, 4th century, State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg
The Great Departure, post-Ghandaran, 3rd to 5th centuries AD. Lahore Museum, Pakistan.
Late Roman Shield Patterns taken from the Notitia Dignitatum
Arab Relief with Armoured Warrior, 3rd-5th Century, Shabwa, Yemen. British Museum, 2014,6002.1.
Sitting Surya (solar deity), marble. Khair Khaneh, Afghanistan. Ex- Kabul museum.
Coins of Khingila, Alchon Hun king, 5th century AD
Romano-Byzantine soldiers in the Roman Virgil, 5th century. Vatican, MS Vat. lat. 3867.
Central Asian Warrior, from Qieszil, Tarim Basin (?), 5th–early 6th century, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 51.94.1
Alkhon-Hunnic Horse-and-Rider Statuette, Late Fifth Century AD, Bactria, Afghanistan. Pritzker Family Collection, Chicago.
'Merve Vase' from the Buddhist monastery in Antiochia Margiana, Turkmenistan, 5th-6th century
Hephthalite Silver Gilt Bowl with Hunting Scenes, North-west India, 5th-6th century. Probably of Bactrian manufacture.
Gandharan relief with armoured archer.
Hephthalite Statues of Horsemen, Gool, Jammu region, the State of Jammu and Kashmir, India, 5th-7th centuries

Plates with figures from Persia and Central Asia and bowls, cups, cameos, plaques, paintings, reliefs and textiles with similar iconography.



Next: 6th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Index of Racinet Prints
Index of Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers