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Detail from 'The Reception of Ambassador Domenico Trevisiano at Damascus' painting by Gentille Bellini school, 1511

Also known as 'The Reception of Ambassador Domenico Trevisiano at Cairo'

Picture source: Sortie au Louvre-Lens
A Mamluk dignitary on horseback, accompanied by his servant, is stopped by a guard who lowers his baton.
Referenced on p37, The Mamluks - 1250-1517 by David Nicolle:
This detail from a remarkably accurate painting of The Reception of Venetian Ambassadors in Mamluk Damascus by an anonymous artist of the 'school of Bellini', 1488-96, shows a horseman wearing the tall turban of a senior amir. He is accompanied by an infantry archer, and rides past a building decorated with an example of Mamluk heraldry. (Louvre. Mus. inv. 1157, Paris)

[The headgear of the infantry archer may be a kallawta.]
In St. Mark preaching in Alexandria, for instance, it is possible to recognize the kallawta. In origin it was a small, yellow cap without any turban wrapped around while the hairs were long and fell down loosely on the necks. At the time of the sultan al-Araf Ḫalīl (1290-1293) its colour was changed from yellow to red and a turban was wrapped around it. When al-Nāṣir Muḥammad ibn Qalāwūn (1293-1294, 1299-1309, 1310-41) had his head completely shaved after he went on a pilgrimage in 1332 his entourage copied him and the loss of hair made the kallawta much bigger in size and of better quality. Source: Gentile Bellini E l'Oriente by Maria Pia Pedani

Back to The reception of Ambassador Domenico Trevisiano at Damascus.

A Mamluk foot-soldier from Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2 by Ian Heath, based on 'The Reception of Ambassador Domenico Trevisiano at Damascus'.